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Cusco / Machu - Picchu / Sacred Valley of the Incas



The city of Cusco, ancient capital of the Incan Empire, was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1983 and is without doubt one of the  most important destinations in the country. The enigmatic complex of Machu Picchu, the most important and beautiful legacy of the ancient  people of Peru, is part of the Historical Sanctuary of the same name, which is one of the few places in America to be declared both a Cultural and Natural World Heritage Site by UNESCO. Altitude of 3,200 meters above sea level   



There are Incan buildings waiting for you to discover them  among its cobble-stoned streets, ones like the Koricancha and the palace of Inca Roca as well as Andean Baroque structures from the Colonial Period like the Cathedral and the Church of the Company of Christ. 
In addition, you can visit the picturesque neighborhood of San Blas where the best artisans in the department have set up their workshops. This magical city also has an exciting nightlife with cafes, restaurants, and bars for all tastes. Just ten minutes away from the city, there are the massive walls of the Sacsayhuamán fortress, and a few kilometers from there, you find  the archeological sites of Qenko, Pukapukara, and Tambomachay, Incan buildings constructed completely with stone. There are also the towns of Písac, Maras, Chinchero, and Ollantaytambo, which are spread throughout the Sacred Valley of the Incas, one hour from Cusco. From there, it is possible to catch the train to Machu Picchu. Another way of getting to the citadel is by following one of the Inca Trails, a spectacular network of pathways that snake their way among the snow covered mountains, rivers, and overwhelming countryside. This is one of the best trekking routes in the world, since scattered throughout it, you find remarkable archeological sites and areas rich in unique plant and animal species. The enigmatic complex of Machu Picchu, the most important and beautiful legacy of the ancient Peruvian, is part of the Historic Sanctuary of the same name, which is also one of the few places in the Americas placed on both the World Cultural and Natural Heritage Lists by UNESCO. It is located high on top of a mountain and complements the exuberant nature that surrounds it, creating a one of a kind place in the world.  

    


    



Dressing for the Weather in Machu Picchu

One of the surprising things about the jungly Machu Picchu region is that is can be rather cold... so bring a sweater. And while it can indeed be very rainy in the rainy season (November-April), the wise come prepared for rain at any time of the day at any time of the year, so bring a rain jacket or poncho too. It is also often hot and sunny, especially in the ruins, so bring a hat with a brim, sunscreen, and a small backpack to put your sweater and rain jacket in. Most of the trails do not get very muddy, so regular walking shoes/boots are appropriate.


Bank Machines / Money

The exchange rates in Machu Picchu Pueblo tend to be quite a bit worse than Cusco. The cash machines are mostly located on Av. Emperio de los Incas, and are sometimes empty, although it is unlikely that all the machines would be empty at the same time. As in the rest of Peru, change is scarce and you will be made to feel that it's somehow your fault that they must go running around the neighborhood looking for someone to break even a relatively small bill.


Insects and Snakes

There can be mosquitoes depending on the season and the rainfall. They're not generally too bad, but some insect repellent is in order. I know of no recent reports of Malaria in the region. Occasionally little scorpions sneak into houses. Although I have not yet been stung by one, I do not believe that the sting is too bad. The rest of the local arthropods tend to be far more interesting than they are dangerous.

There are also a few poisonous Andean Lanceheads around. This snake is generally a threat only to people who make their living cutting brush and picking up logs, but using a flashlight if you walk along the railroad tracks at night would bring your risk down to nil.


NEW



Inti Raymi 2019 

Festival of the Sun

The Inti Raymi or Festival of the Sun was an Inca ceremony that took place on an annual basis in Cusco, the capital of Tawantinsuyo, between the end of the harvest period and the beginning of the vernal equinox of the Andes, ie in the second half of June. The Inti Raymi at the time of the Incas was the equivalent of what today is for us the New Year festival. This was a party at which a new year began and ended all the previous "crop year" between the months of May to June, and also began the new agricultural cycle from July, so the period since the last week of June and early July was a period of transition from an old agricultural year to a new one, then the party was dedicated to that event.

Inti Raymi (The Great Festival of the Sun), Festival of the magnificent ritual of the Sun in the esplanade of Sacsayhuaman where you will be able to apprecciate the most venerated Incas celebration. 

SCENARIOS FOR THE CEREMONY:

On June 24 th, the feast in honor of the Sun God, is made in the three historic and natural settings usually used for staging:
1.- The Qorikancha (Siege of gold): In Inca times was the main temple dedicated to the sun.

2.- The Plaza de Armas (or Plaza Auqaypata or Warrior Square): During the Inca Empire, this vast square was used for the ceremony, which took place entirely in the great ushnu or ceremonial platform.

3.- Saqsaywaman (voice which derives from the Quechua words "saqsay" and "waman" which translated into Spanish means "falcon, satiate"). This impressive archaeological site is located at 3,555 meters above the sea level, and one kilometer from the Inca Qolqanpata neighborhood. Final staging - acts (Saqsaywaman)

Inti Raymi Day-Tour Itinerary

24/06

07:30hrs. The Inti Raymi begins once we pick you up from your hotel in Cusco and we’ll walk 10 minutes to Qorikancha escorted by an  guide.  

09:00hrs. The feast begins at the main Temple of the Sun, in the time of the Incas; “Qorikancha”, it  means shining gold, is because this temple was fully cover with gold; here there was many idols of animals like: Llamas, Alpacas, Vicuñas, condors, etc. also human idols all of them at the same size than normal life. In Qorikancha starts the ceremony in honor to the sun; begins with amazing leather drums, pututus (seashells) and flutes music. Here the first ritual and the speech of the Sapa Inca will star honoring the Sun and Mother Nature. From Qorikancha the Sapa Inca is carried on litter accompanied by the priest priestesses, parents and noble Incas toward the famous Huaccaypata,here the feast last for one hour approximately.

11:00hrs. The second stage is at The “Plaza de Armas” or Cusco's main square; in the time of the Incas this vast square was used for the important ceremonies, which took place entirely in the great “ushnu” or ceremonial platformhere too the feats is for one jour approximately.

The group with your guide is transferred to the Sacsayhuaman Esplanade where the ceremony reaches to the maximum elegancy.

*During the ceremony of the Qoricancha and the Main Square there are not seats, we'll observe the ceremony standing up.

13:30hrs At Sacsayhuaman, the ceremony starts at 01:30 p.m and ends at 03:00 p.m; here the Sapa Inka will give a speech in the ancestral Inca’s language, Quechua; Rituals and offering of chicha, a corn beer and a ceremony of the new fire celebrated by the Inca priest, afterward an Inca priest will predict the future of the Inca word or Tahuantinsuyo people; after that dancer from all over Peru continue the celebration.

16:00hrs  After the end of the ceremony, we will return to Cusco and you’ll be transferred to your hotel.

* The Schedule indicated at the itinerary are  for reference.


Cusco / Machu Picchu / Valle 
4 days / 3 nts 

Day 1 Cusco Arrival, meeting at the airport and transfer to hotel.
After acclimatization at an altitude of 3,200 meters above sea level, city tour and nearby ruins 4.

Day 2 Cusco / Machu Picchu / Cusco 5:30 Transfer to the railway / train station and transfer by train to Aguas Calientes. Then a short climb on a bus to the Lost City of the Incas - Machu Picchu, which is considered the most powerful energy center of South America. In the afternoon descend to Aguas 
Calientes, dinner in the restaurant and return to Cusco. 
Day 3 Cusco / Sacred Valley / Cusco 
Breakfast.
Day 4 Cusco Breakfast. Transfer to aiport.

Price from Usd 652 per person in Dbl room. Hotel Andean Dreams or similar.  All entrance fees, train and bus tickets included. 


Cusco / Machu Picchu / Cusco 
3 days / 2 nts 

Day 1 Cusco Arrival, meeting at the airport and transfer to hotel.
After acclimatization at an altitude of 3,200 meters above sea level, city tour and nearby ruins 4.
Day 2 Cusco / Machu Picchu / Cusco 5:30 Transfer to the railway / train station and transfer by train to Aguas Calientes. Then a short climb on a bus to the Lost City of the Incas - Machu Picchu, which is considered the most powerful energy center of South America. In the afternoon descend to Aguas 
Calientes, dinner in the restaurant and return to Cusco. Accommodation at the hotel.
Day 3 Cusco 
Breakfast. Transfer to airport.



Price from usd 564 per person in Dbl room. 

Hotel Andean Dreams or similar. 

All entrance fees, train and bus tickets included.

River Rafting


The Urubamba river runs from the high Andean ranges down through the Sacred Valley of the Incas, past Machupicchu and into the jungle. The Urubamba is divided into Upper Urubamba and Lower Urubamba, the dividing feature being the Pongo de Mainique, a whitewater canyon that opens into the Amazon plain. It has some exciting white water depending on the section of the river being done and the time of the year. One of our most popular rafting sections during the season is the "Chuquicahuna- (CHUQUI)" section of the river on the Upper Urubamba. There are good class IIl rapids and the water is not contaminated, as unfortunately the Sacred Valley of the Incas sections of the river is.

This section is perfect for one day tours, with nice class II, III and III+ rapids. Excellent scenic riverside view with big eucalyptus trees, beautiful flowers. During the rainy season Dec. to early March , the rapids can be class IV and IV plus.

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